In 1870, Louis Riel led the formation of an illegal Provisional Government in Fort Garry (now Winnipeg), to resist Ottawa's plan to displace the French-speaking Catholic Metis with an influx of English Protestant settlers. Thomas Scott was a virulently racist Orangeman who inflamed the Provisional Government and was executed for insubordination.
Himself executed in 1885, Riel is now considered one of Canada's most authentic cultural heroes.
Canadian Memorial Church
Vancouver, British Columbia